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Cognition and learning

Cognition and Learning needs may involve difficulties with the skills needed for effective learning such as use of:

  • Language, memory and reasoning skills

  • Sequencing and organisational skills

  • An understanding of number

  • Problem-solving and concept development skills

  • Fine and gross motor skills

  • Independent learning skills

  • Exercising choice

  • Decision making

  • Information processing

Children may have a specific learning disability, such as dyscalculia, or dyspraxia.


Specific learning need support:

British Dyslexia Association

Craneswater Junior school one minute guides to dyscalculia, dyslexia, dyspraxia, dysgraphia.


Online English resources

Literacy support for dyslexia that follows the Science of Reading | Nessy - Nessy reading and spelling

Oxford Owl for Home: help your child learn at home - Oxford Owl - Online reading resources

Words for Life | National Literacy Trust | Words for Life – quizzes, activities and reading resources

Videos | Michael Rosen – watch and listen to a range of poetry

Watch & Listen - The World of David Walliams – listen to David Walliams’ stories

Have some fun | BookTrust - quizzes, activities and reading resources


Online maths resources:

Numberblocks - CBeebies - BBC – sing along and learn about numbers

NumBots | Motivational maths practice for schools and families. – a fun way to practise understanding, recall and fluency in mental addition and subtraction.

Parent resources | Maths workbooks | White Rose Maths – information for parents

Maths lessons for Key Stage 1 students - Oak National Academy ( – maths lessons for KS1

Other useful online resources

Specialist lessons - Oak National Academy ( – specialist classroom for children with additional needs.


1-minute maths app | White Rose Maths - helps children build greater number confidence and fluency.

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